Parliamentary panel bats for laws to counter bio-terrorism

#GS3 #DEFENCE #SECURITY #SCIENCE&TECHNOLOGY

Formulating effective laws to counter bio-terrorism is one of the important lessons to be learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic, “The Outbreak of Pandemic COVID-19 And its Management.

 

Strategic partnerships

  • The adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have taught the lesson on the importance of controlling biological agents and the need for strategic partnerships among different nations. 
  • The plan includes - strengthening disease surveillance, including at animal-human interface, training and capacity building for management of public health emergencies arising from use of bio-weapons and strengthening research and surveillance activities related to development of diagnostics, vaccines and drugs.
  • The international scientific community has also repeatedly debunked the conspiracy theory that the COVID-19 virus was developed as a bio-weapon.

 

Bio-terrorism

  • Bioterrorism is terrorism involving the intentional release or dissemination of biological agents
  • These agents are bacteriaviruses, insects, fungi, or toxins, and may be in a naturally occurring or a human-modified form, in much the same way in biological warfare
  • Further, modern agribusiness is vulnerable to anti-agricultural attacks by terrorists, and such attacks can seriously damage economy as well as consumer confidence
  • The later destructive activity is called agrobioterrorism and is subtype of agro-terrorism.
  • Bioterrorism and other high consequence biological events can result in mass casualties, epidemic illness, healthcare worker illness, environmental contamination, legal issues, and cause unease within the medical community and the community at large. 
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