National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill and the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill
Parliament has given its nod to two bills that propose a medical education system that improve access to quality and affordable medical education by ensuring availability of adequate and high quality homoeopathy and Indian system of medicine professionals across the country.
- Lok Sabha passed the National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill and the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill.
- Rajya Sabha had passed them earlier, and the lower house’ nod to the two proposed legislations mean that they are set to become laws after getting formal approval from President Ram Nath Kovind.
- Some opposition members protested against the bill, saying the Centre needed to undertake wider consultation.
- It is a well-known fact that Traditional Systems of medicines always played important role in meeting the global health care needs. They are continuing to do so at present and shall play major role in future also. The system of medicines which are considered to be Indian in origin or the systems of medicine, which have come to India from outside and got assimilated in to Indian culture are known as Indian Systems of Medicine (Prasad, 2002).
- India has the unique distinction of having six recognized systems of medicine in this category. They are-Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Yoga, Naturopathy and Homoeopathy. Though Homoeopathy came to India in 18th Century, it completely assimilated in to the Indian culture and got enriched like any other traditional system hence it is considered as part of Indian Systems of Medicine (Prasad, 2002). Apart from these systems- there are large number of healers in the folklore stream who have not been organized under any category. In the present review, attempt would be made to provide brief profile of three systems to familiarize the readers about them so as to facilitate acquisition of further information.
- Most of the traditional systems of India including Ayurveda have their roots in folk medicine. However what distinguishes Ayurveda from other systems is that it has a well-defined conceptual framework that is consistent throughout the ages. In conceptual base, it was perhaps highly evolved and far ahead of its time. It was among the first medical systems to advocate an integrated approach towards matters of health and disease. Another important distinguishing feature of Ayurveda is that unlike other medical systems, which developed their conceptual framework based on the results obtained with the use of drugs and therapy, it first provided philosophical framework that determined the therapeutic practice with good effects. Its philosophical base is partly derived from ‘Samkhya’ and ‘Nyaya vaisheshika’ streams of Indian philosophy. This enabled it to evolve into rational system of medicine quite early in its evolution and to get detached from religious influence. It laid great emphasis on the value of evidence of senses and human reasoning (Ramachandra Rao, 1987).