#GS3 #Biodiverity #NewSpecies
A newly discovered species from Madagascar suggests that dinosaurs and pterosaurs (extinct flying reptiles) had extremely small ancestors – just 10 centimeters tall. It was named Kongonaphon key which roughly translates from the Malagasy language as ‘tiny bug slayer’ – a reference to its insect diet. The fossils were discovered in 1998 as part of an expedition by an American-Malagasy crew.
- Analysis of body size throughout the history of dinosaurs and relatives shows that ancestrally medium-sized animals evolved into very small animals, such as Kongonaphon, which would have been around 10 cm tall and about 30 cm long. This then evolved into dinosaurs and pterosaurs which could reach enormous sizes.