Indian grey wolf sighted for the first time in Chamarajanagar
#GS3 #WildLife #GS2 #Acts
- The Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary has stumbled upon an Indian grey wolf (Canis lumpus pallipes), in what is reckoned to be its first-ever documentation in Chamarajanagar district.
- Previous studies in the district undertaken in Cauvery and M.M. Hills wildlife sanctuaries, BRT Tiger Reserve, and Bandipur Tiger Reserve had not documented the Indian grey wolf.
- What is significant is that this indicates the presence of all four large canid species found in southern India (dhole, Indian wolf, jackal, and Bengal fox) in Chamarajanagar.
- In Karnataka, the wolf is found in isolated pockets in the drier areas, including Haveri, Koppal, Tumakuru, Raichur, and Ballari.
- A highly endangered and threatened Indian grey wolf species mostly survives on grasslands, scrub forests, and rarely in dry deciduous forests.
- Though the species is distributed widely, it is threatened largely because of habitat loss and retaliatory killing.
- Indian wolf numbers are suspected to be lower than that of tigers.
- They are protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
- The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species.
- Before 1972, India had only five designated national parks.
- Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed.
- The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto.
- It extends to the whole of India. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection.
- Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties.
- Species listed in Schedule III and Schedule IV are also protected, but the penalties are much lower.
- Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted.
- The specified endemic plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting.
- The hunting to the Enforcement authorities have the power to compound offences under this Schedule (i.e. they impose fines on the offenders).
- The "Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972" was enacted by the Parliament of India in order to conserve animals, birds, plants and the matters connected therewith in 1972.
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