India losses jurisdiction over Italian marine case 

#GS2 #InternationalRelations 

News :  

India lost a marine case where a fishing boat was shot in Kerala by the Italian Marines.  

  • India file a case against this and the judgement instead of dealing in India was taken to the court of Italy where Italy won the case claiming that they mistook the fisherman as Pirates.  
  • India claims that the Italy violated the navigational rights under the  United National Convention on the law of the sea(UNCLOS) by shooting at the fishing boat “st. Antony”

What is UNCLOS? 

  • The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the sea convention or the Law of the sea treaty, is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 3), which took place between 1973 and 1982.  
  • The Law of the Sea Convention defines the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world's oceans, establishing guidelines for businesses, the environment, and the management of marine natural resources. 
  • The Convention, concluded in 1982, replaced the quad-treaty 1958 Convention on the high seas. 
  • UNCLOS came into force in 1994, a year after Guyana became the 60th nation to ratify the treaty. 
  • As of June 2016, 167 countries and the European union have joined in the Convention. It is uncertain as to what extent the Convention codifies customary international law. 
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