Global Tiger Day 2020 

#GS3 #Environment  

Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change has released the detailed report of Tiger Census on the eve of Global Tiger Day. 

Details  

  • During the release, the Environment Minister has confirmed that the Ministry is working on a programme in which efforts would be made to provide water and fodder to animals in the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict which is causing deaths of animals. 
  • For this LIDAR based survey technology will be used for the first time. Lidar is a method for measuring distances by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor. 
  • It was highlighted that with the presence of nearly 30 percent of India’s tigers outside tiger reserves, India had embarked upon assessing management interventions through the globally developed Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS) framework, which will now be extended to all fifty tiger reserves across the country. 
  • About Global Tiger Day 2020 – 
  • The day is celebrated on July 29 each year to create awareness for tiger conservation. It promotes a system to protect natural habitats of tigers and raise public awareness. This year, the Global Tiger Day is celebrated with the slogan, “Their Survival is in our hands”. 
  • Saint Petersburg Summit – The summit was held to increase the awareness about declining tiger population in the world. Also, the leaders attended the summit pledged to make efforts to double the tiger population by 2022. 

Background  

  • In 2010, with tiger numbers at an all time low, the tiger range governments committed to an ambitious and visionary goal of Tx2- to double wild tigers by 2022. 
  • The initiative was started in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit. 
  • The Tx2 approach looks at doubling the number of tigers in the wild, rather than just saving the animal in each of the countries in which it is present. This strategic focus looks at not only protecting tigers but protecting landscapes including source sites and corridors, according to World Wildlife Fund. 
  • It also encourages trans-boundary collaboration between countries for tiger conservation. 
  • The Tx2 initiative marks the first time that all tiger range countries have come together to collaborate and work together towards a global goal of protecting this apex predator. 

All India Tiger Estimation 2018 Report 

  • India has fulfilled its resolve to double the tiger numbers four years before the target. The country now has an estimated 2967 tigers as per the latest census. 
  • With this number, India is home to nearly 75% of the global tiger population and has already fulfilled its resolve of doubling tiger numbers, made at St. Petersburg in 2010, much before the target year of 2022. 
  • The latest results of 2018 had shown that India now has an estimated 2967 tigers out of which 2461 individual tigers have been photo captured, a whopping 83% of the tiger population, highlighting the comprehensive nature of the survey. 
  • The All India Tiger Estimation done quadrennially is steered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority with technical backstopping from the Wildlife Institute of India and implemented by State Forest Departments and partners. 

Features of All India Tiger Estimation Report, 2018  

  • Abundance index of co-predators and other species has been carried out which hitherto was restricted only to occupancy 
  • Sex ratio of tigers in all camera trap sites has been carried out for the first time. 
  • Anthropogenic effects on tiger population have been elaborated in a detailed manner. 
  • Tiger abundance within pockets in tiger reserves has been demonstrated for the first time. 
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