Global Climate Risk Index 2021
#GS2 International Organizations
- India has been placed among the top 10 most affected countries by climate change, in the Global Climate Risk Index 2021 published by the Bonn-based environmental think tank Germanwatch.
- India ranked as the seventh worst-hit country in terms of climate change in 2019.
- The Global Climate Risk Index 2021 is the 16th edition of the annual report and has taken into account the data available for 2019 and from 2000 to 2019.
- The index analyses and ranks to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of climate-related extreme weather events (storms, floods, heatwaves, etc.)
The top three most affected countries in 2019
- and the Bahamas
India: As per the Report
- In 2019, the monsoon lasted longer than a month in India, as it normally lasts.
- From June to September end of 2019 almost 110% of the long-period average was recorded.
- Heavy rains caused floods which were responsible for 1,800 deaths across 14 states. It led to the displacement of 1.8 million population.
- There were eight tropical cyclones in India in the last years. Six of those were classified as “very severe” due to intensity.
- ‘Extremely severe’ cyclone Fani affected 28 million people across the subcontinent and killed almost 90 people in India and Bangladesh.
- It also caused economic loss to the tune of US $8.1 billion.
- The floods affected 14 states of India in June 2019. It lasted from June to September 2019.
- The glaciers of India, the Himalayas, the coastlines, and the desert areas in India have been all most affected due to global warming.
- As per the report, there has also been an increase in the heat waves, melting of glaciers, and intensity of cyclones in India.
Global Climate Risk Index:
The Global Climate Risk Index indicates a level of exposure and vulnerability to extreme weather events, which countries should understand as warnings in order to be prepared for more frequent and/or more severe events in the future.