Forest rights claims of 1,200 tribals rejected

#GS2 #GOVERNANCE #ACTs #CONSTITUTION

Over 1,200 tribals in Hunsur taluk of Mysuru district stare at an uncertain future as their review petition for recognition of their claims over forest land under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, has been rejected by the local authorities.

 

Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006

  • The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, is a key piece of forest legislation passed in India on 18 December 2006. 
  • It has also been called the Forest Rights Act, the Tribal Rights Act, the Tribal Bill, and the Tribal Land Act.
  • The law concerns the rights of forest-dwelling communities to land and other resources, denied to them over decades as a result of the continuance of colonial forest laws in India.
  • Opponents of the law claim it will lead to massive forest destruction and should be repealed.
  • India's forests are home to hundreds of millions of people, including many Scheduled Tribes, who live in or near the forest areas of the country. 
  • Nearly 250 million people live in and around forests in India, of which the estimated indigenous Adivasi or tribal population stands at about 100 million. To put these numbers in perspective, if considered a nation by themselves, they would form the 13th largest country in the world, even though they cannot be depicted as representing any singular, monolithic culture
  • Forests provide sustenance in the form of minor forest produce, water, grazing grounds and habitat for shifting cultivation. 
  • Moreover, vast areas of land that may or may not be forests are classified as "forest" under India's forest laws, and those cultivating these lands are technically cultivating “forest land”. 
  • Forest Rights Act is also known as Community Forest Management (CFM) in Telangana.
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