Food and Agriculture Organisation

#GS2 #InternationalOrganisations

 

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has released commemorative coins of Rs 75 denomination to mark the 75th anniversary of FAO. He also dedicated to the nation, 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of crops.

 

About Food and Agriculture Organisation 

  • The FAO is a specialised agency of the United Nations.
  • Established in 1945, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has its headquarters in Rome, Italy. 
  • It was founded with a goal to provide food security for everyone and assure that people will have access to high-quality food in sufficient quantities to achieve a healthy lifestyle.
  • The FAO has 197 member countries, which includes the European Union as well. It conducts biennial conferences. The FAO Council is the executive arm of the governing body. The members elect the Council which is composed of 49 members.
  • The FAO Council also approved India’s membership to the Executive Board of the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) for 2020 and 2021.
  • World Food Day is an international day celebrated every year worldwide on 16 October to commemorate the date of the founding of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation in 1945.

 

Functions of FAO 

  • Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is a global organisation and its functions can be listed as follows:
  • Helping Governments and Development Agencies coordinate their activities which are targeted to develop and improve agriculture, fisheries, forestry and other water and land resources. 
  • Conducting research and providing technical assistance to various projects related to improving agricultural output and development.
  • Conducting training and educational programs and also collecting and analysing agricultural data to improve yield and production.
  • The FAO also brings out a number of publications/reports, some of which are, the State of the World, the Global Report on Food Crises, the State of Food and Agriculture, the State of the World’s Forests, etc.
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