Ethanol Blended Petrol

#GS3 #Environment #Energy

 

Vehicles that used petrol blended with 10 per cent ethanol, were found to reduce emissions of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons.

  • Hence, oil marketing companies were blending 10 per cent ethanol in petrol according to its availability and in accordance with government directives, Dharmendra Pradhan, Union minister of petroleum and natural gas told the Rajya Sabha in a written statement.
  • The Ethanol Blended Petrol Programme was aimed at achieving multiple outcomes such as reducing import dependency, conserving foreign exchange, reducing carbon emissions and providing a boost to the agriculture sector.

 

Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme

  • Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) programme was launched in January, 2003.
  • The programme sought to promote the use of alternative and environment friendly fuels and to reduce import dependency for energy requirements.
  • During 2001, pilot projects on Ethanol Blended Petrol started at 3 locations i.e. at Miraj, Manmad (Maharashtra) and Aonla/Bareilly in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Government of India decided to launch EBP in January, 2003 for supply of 5% ethanol blended Petrol.
  • Subsequent to this, Ethanol Blended Petrol programme was launched in January, 2003 in 9 States.
  • The Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG) directed the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to sell 5% Ethanol Blended Petrol in notified 20 States and 4 UTs with effect from 1st November, 2006.
  • At present, this programme has been extended to whole of India except Union Territories of Andaman Nicobar and Lakshadweep islands with effect from 01st April, 2019 wherein OMCs sell petrol blended with ethanol up to 10%.
  • The OMCs are to procure ethanol from domestic sources and the government has notified the administered price of ethanol since 2014.
  • Further, the Government has also allowed production of ethanol from damaged food grains.
  • Government has reduced the GST rate on ethanol meant for the EBP Programme from 18% to 5%.
  • OMCs are advised to continue according priority of ethanol from 1) sugarcane juice/sugar/sugar syrup, 2) B heavy molasses 3) C heavy molasses and 4) Damaged Food grains/other sources
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