Defence ministry approved 33 new fighter jets worth 38,900 crores from Russia 

#GS3 #Defence&Security 

  • 21 MiG-29 fighter jets Will be brought and 59 will be upgraded. 
  • 12 sukhoi-30 MKI missiles will be built up by HAL 
  • Pinaka an Indigenously developed all weather,  indirect fire,  free flight hey artillery rocket system will be  developed 
  • Astra which is an air to air missile will also be developed. 

Air to Air Missile : 

  • Air to Air Missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft or any airborne object. 
  • AAM is broadly classified into 2 types depending on the range factor of the missile. 
  1. Short Range Air to Air Missile (SRAAM) or Within Visual Range Air to Air Missile (WVRAAM) – These Missiles are designed to engage aerial targets within a range of 30 km. Most of these missiles use infrared guidance and are called heat-seeking missiles. These missiles are designed for better agility, hence they are also called dogfight missiles. 
  2. Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) – These missiles can hit targets beyond the range of 37 Km. These are radar-guided missiles. They don’t use infrared detector since the infrared signatures of aerial targets would be too weak at long ranges. 


  • Astra is the Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile (BVRAAM) developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). It can engage aerial targets at a range of 80 km – 110 km. It has been integrated with Sukhoi 30 Mki, Mirage 2000, LCA, MiG-29 fighter aircraft. 


  • Pinaka is an indigenous multi-barrel rocket launch system, which has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army. 
  • Its weapon system has a state-of-the-art guidance kit bolstered by an advanced navigation and control system. 
  • The Pinaka Mark II Rocket is modified as a missile by integrating with the navigation, control and guidance system to improve the accuracy and enhance the range. 
  • The navigation system of the missile is aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). 
  • It is an artillery missile system capable of striking into enemy territory up to a range of 75 kilometres with high precision. 
  • The initial version of weapon system was called Mark I, which had a range of 40 km. The upgraded version or Pinaka Mark II has an extended range of 70 to 80 km. 
Print Friendly and PDF

Previous   Next

blog comments powered by Disqus