Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) 

#GS3 #Infrastructure & Development 

Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) is one of the largest rail infrastructure projects undertaken by the Government of India.  

  • The overall cost is pegged at Rs 81,459 crores. DFCCIL has been set up as a special purpose vehicle to undertake planning, development, mobilization of financial resources, construction, maintenance and operation of Dedicated Freight Corridors.  
  • In the first phase the organisation is constructing the Western DFC (1504 Route km) and Eastern DFC (1856 route km) spanning a total length of 3360 route km. 

Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India 

  • It is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) corporation run by government of India’s Ministry of Railways to undertake planning, development, and mobilization of financial resources and construction, maintenance and operation of the Dedicated Freight Corridors. 
  • The DFCCIL was registered as a company under the Companies Act 1956 in 2006. 
  • it is both enabler and beneficiary of other key Government of India schemes, such as and Industrial corridor, Make in India, Startup India, Standup India, Sagarmala, Bharatmala, UDAN-RCS, Digital India, BharatNet.

Dedicated Freight Corridors 

  • These are freight-only railway lines to move goods between industrial heartlands in the North and ports on the Eastern and Western coasts. 
  • The dedicated freight-only lines are being built along the four key transportation routes – known as the Golden Quadrilateral and connecting Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Howrah and its two diagonals (Delhi – Chennai and Mumbai – Howrah). 

Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC) under implementation:

  • Western Dedicated Freight Corridor, 1,468 km from Dadri in Uttar Pradesh to Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai. 
  • Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor, (Ludhiana, 1,760 km from Punjab to Dankuni in West Bengal. 

  

(Km) 
Western Corridor 1499 
Vadodra-Rewari 
Vadodra-JNPT 
Rewari-Dadri incl 
TKD-Pirthala 
930 
428 
141 
Dadri% 
Rewa 
Ambala 
Saharanpur 
eerut 
Khurja 
undla 
(Km) 
Eastern Corridor 1839 
Ludhiana-Khurja 404 
Khurja-Kanpur 
343 
Kanpur-Mughalsarai 393 
MughaIsarai-Sonnagar 118 
Sonnagar-Dankuni 538 
Phulera 
Ajmer 
Marwar 
pur 
Mehesana 
Vadodra 
rat 
Va d 
Vasai Roa 
JNPT 
Dadri-Khurja 
Kanpur 
Muqhalsarai 
Allaha 
Sonnagar 
Gomoh 
Existing Line 
Western DFC Line 
Eastern DFC Line 
42 
Dankuni 
Source: PMO

  

Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) 

  • It is a broad gauge corridor. 
  • The 1,504-km western freight corridor begins at Dadri in Uttar Pradesh and stretches till the country’s largest container port — Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, near Mumbai. 
  • The project is being funded by a soft loan of $4bn provided by Japan International Cooperation Agency under special terms for economic partnership (STEP). 

Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor 

  • It is a broad gauge corridor. 
  • The railway will run between Ludhiana in Punjab and Dankuni (near Kolkata) in West Bengal. 
  • This freight corridor will cover a total distance of 1839 km. 
  • This corridor will also pass through Dadri, which is the origin point of the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor and which will serve as a junction. 
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