Navroz 

#GS1 #Culture #Heritage 

The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has greeted nation on the occasion of Navroz. Navroz is one amongst 13 intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. 

Nowruz, also spelled as Navroz, is the Iranian New Year celebrated by ethnic Iranian people. Several ethno-linguistic communities around the world irrespective of their religious background observe it as the start of the New Year. In India, the Parsi community, who follow Zoroastrianism,celebrate Navroz with full fervour. 

  • Features of intangible cultural heritage is :
  • Traditional, contemporary and living at the same time : Intangible cultural heritage includes not only inherited traditions from the past but also contemporary rural and urban practices in which diverse cultural groups take part.
  • Inclusive : We may share these heritages with people from neighbouring villages, cities, even countries as with migration people may have settled in different places of the world. These have been passed on from one generation to the next. And though they have evolved with time and environment but they continue to provide us with a link from past to present and also to the future. Intangible cultural heritage does not give rise to questions of whether or not certain practices are part of certain communities. It contributes to social cohesion and makes us feel a sense of identity and also helps us feel part of one or many communities or part of society at large.
  • Representative : It is not merely valued as a cultural good on a comparative basis for its exclusivity or exceptional value. It thrives on its basis in communities.
  • Community based : The individual, group or community must decide that a part of heritage is to be maintained and transmitted. Without their recognition - no outsider can decide this.
  • There are two lists of intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO :
  • Representative list of intangible cultural heritage of humanity : Consists of cultural practices and expressions that help demonstrate the diversity of heritage and raise awareness about its expression
  • List of intangible cultural heritage in need of urgent protection : Consists of cultural heritage elements that countries and communities consider minerable and require urgent efforts to keep them alive.

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 

S.No. 

ICH Element 

Year of Inscription 
  1. 1 
Tradition of Vedic chanting 

2008 

  1.  2
Ramlila, the traditional performance of the Ramayana 

2008 

  1. 3 
Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre 

2008 

  1. 4 
Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, India 

2009 

  1. 5 
Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala 

2010 

  1. 6 
Kalbelia folk songs and dances of Rajasthan 

2010 

  1. 7 
Chhau dance 

2010 

  1. 8 
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, India 

2012 

  1. 9 
Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of Manipur 

2013 

  1. 10 
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India 

2014 

  1. 11 
Yoga 

2016 

  1.  12
Nawrouz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nowrouz, Nawrouz, Nauryz, Nooruz, Nowruz, Navruz, Nevruz, Nowruz, Navruz 

2016 

  1. 13 
Kumbh Mela 

2017 

 

Source : PIB 

A key cellular mechanism in Huntington Disease unravelled 

#GS3 #Science #Technology #Health 

About Huntington Disease :  

  • Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive genetic disorder affecting the brain that causes uncontrolled movements, impaired coordination of balance and movement, a decline in cognitive abilities, difficulty in concentrating and memory lapses, mood swings and personality changes.
  • It is caused by a mutation in a gene called HTT. The HTT genes are involved in the production of a protein called huntingtin. They provide the instruction for making the protein.
  • When the genes mutate, they provide faulty instructions leading to production of abnormal huntingtin proteins and these form into clumps. The clumps disrupt the normal functioning of the brain cells, which eventually leads to death of neurons in the brain, resulting in Huntington disease.
  • While it is known that the clumps formed by the abnormal huntingtin protein disrupt several cellular processes, it is not known whether they also influence the key process in the formation of other proteins in the cell.
  • A team of scientists from National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS) in Pune observed that the pathogenic Huntingtin protein causes a decrease in the overall protein production in cells and that the Huntingtin clumps collect together (sequester) molecules of another protein called Orb2, which is involved in the process of protein formation. 

Source : PIB 

Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana 

#GS2 #Governance #Schemes 

  • The Ministry of Textiles is implementing converged Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana (MGBBY) for providing social security benefits like life, accidental & disability insurance coverage to handloom weavers/workers in the age group of 51-59 years across the country.
  • To provide the benefits to all handloom weavers/workers in an effective manner, the Government of India has organized Hasthkala Sahyog Shivirs in handloom clusters across the country in association with State Governments and LIC for creating awareness among the weavers for enrollment under the Scheme.
  • The claim benefits are provided by LIC directly into the bank account of beneficiaries through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT).
  • The Ministry of Textiles also regularly organizes awareness programmes and camps through its Weavers’ Service Centres to facilitate enrolment of handloom weavers/workers under Government Flagship Insurance Schemes

Source : PIB 

Whiteflies  

#GS3 #Science #Technology 

  • National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) Lucknow has developed a pest-resistant variety of cotton.
  • Whiteflies are one of the top ten devastating pests in the world that damage more than 2000 plant species and also function as vectors for some 200-plant viruses. Cotton is one of the worst hit crops by these.
  • In a move to fight against whiteflies National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) Lucknow has developed a pest-resistant variety of cotton and is going to start field trials this year from April to October in Faridkot Center of Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana.
  • They used the leaf extract of an edible fern Tectariamacrodonta which causes toxicity to the whitefly. This fern is known to be used as salad in Nepal and as a concoction for the gastric disorders in many regions of Asia.

Source : PIB 

PM Modi thanks Bhutan & Nepal for contributing to COVID-19 emergency fund 

#GS3 #InternationalRelations  

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday thanked Bhutan and Nepal for contributing to the COVID-19 emergency fund to tackle the spread of the deadly virus in the SAARC countries.
  • PM Modi took to Twitter to thank leaders of the two countries for their contribution.
  • Addressing the SAARC leaders and representatives on March 15 via video, Modi had proposed the emergency fund with an initial offer of USD 10 million from India for the purpose.
  • Modi said it is wonderful to see SAARC leaders taking initiatives that are adding strength to the collective fight against coronavirus.

Source : Indian Express 

Earthquakes near Dams 

#GS3 #DisasterManagement  

News : A total 18 earthquakes with magnitude 3.0 and above have been recorded by NCS network in the close vicinity of major dams during the last three years. 

  • The National Centre of Seismology (NCS) monitors the earthquake activity in the country on 24X7 basis. Also, the Hydro-Power Project Authorities have placed seismic systems in and around dam sites to monitor the seismicity close to dams.
  • The Central Water Commission, Ministry of Jal Shakti, is nodal agency for carrying out periodic inspection of dams to ensure their safety.
  • The occurrence of earthquakes in and around dams is not always associated with the huge water storage. It depends upon the pre-existing geological I tectonic setting of the region.
  • The reservoir triggered events have been reported in different parts of the world in active tectonics regime. In India, such events have been reported mainly from Koyna-Warna region, which hosts a major dam.
  • The major dams in India have been designed and constructed taking into consideration the seismic vulnerability of the region. However, the Central Dam Safety Organization, under Central Water Commission carries out regular inspection for Dam safety.

Source : PIB 

TRIFED Launches transformational “Tech For Tribals” program in partnership with Institutes of National Importance (INIs) to develop Tribal entrepreneurship 

#GS2 #SocialIssues 

News :  

  • A project aimed to transform 5 crore Tribal Entrepreneurs under the name “Tech for Tribal” has been launched by TRIFED with support from Ministry of MSME.
  • It was launched on19th March 2020 by TRIFED and IIT-Kanpur along with IIT-Roorkee, IIM Indore, Kalinga Institute of Social Science, Bhubaneshwar and SRIJAN, Jaipur in the first phase of organising tribal entrepreneurship and skill development program.
  • Tech for Tribals aims at capacity building and imparting entrepreneurship skills totribal forest produce gatherers enrolled under the Pradhan Mantri VanDhan Yojana(PMVDY).
  • The trainees will undergo a 30 days program over six weeks comprising 120 sessions. The Partners will develop course contents relevant to Entrepreneurship in Value Addition and Processing of Forest Produces. 
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