MGNREGA jobs crash to 1% of normal 

#GS1 #Acts 

With worksites closed, activists urge SC to ensure wages for all those registered 

  • Employment under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has collapsed to just over 1% of the usual rate this month due to the COVID-19 lockdown. 
  • Activists petitioned the Supreme Court demanding that the government pay full wages to all active job card holders during this time, following its own instructions issued to other employers. 

1.9 lakh families 

  • Data from the MGNREGA website show that less than 1.9 lakh families have been provided work under the scheme so far in April 2020 
  • Chhattisgarh was the highest employment generator under the scheme in April, providing work to more than 70,000 families, followed by Andhra Pradesh with more than 53,000 households given work. 

Key source 

  • The scheme, which guarantees 100 days of work per year at an average daily wage of ₹209, is key to providing livelihoods to poor villagers and is a backbone of the rural economy in difficult times. 
  • Overall, 7.6 crore families hold active job cards under the scheme, and almost 5.5 crore families found work under the scheme last year. 
  • The crash in employment rates under the scheme is despite the fact that migrant workers returning to villages should have increased demand in rural areas. 

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 

  • Is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’. This act was passed in September 2005.  
  • It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. 
  • The act was first proposed in 1991 by P.V. Narasimha Rao. It was finally accepted in the parliament and commenced implementation in 625 districts of India.  
  • The MGNREGA was initiated with the objective of "enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work".  
  • Another aim of MGNREGA is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds and wells). Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an applicant's residence, and minimum wages are to be paid. 
  • If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance. That is, if the government fails to provide employment, it has to provide certain unemployment allowances to those people. Thus, employment under MGNREGA is a legal entitlement. 
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