Krakatoa volcano eruption
#GS1 #Geography #Volcano
News : KRAKATOA volcano in Indonesia has exploded, shooting an ash column some 13km high into the air in the shocking eruption.
- A large magmatic eruption is taking place at the volcano right now. Based on satellite imagery, VAAC Darwin spotted a high-level ash and SO2 plume reaching 47,000 ft (15 km) altitude moving WNW.
- A strong thermal hot spot is detected as well. Both the webcam on Anak Krakatau Island and from the coast (in 40 km distance) show strong lava fountaining from the volcano.
- This seems to be the strongest eruptive phase since the violent phreatomagmatic activity following the partial collapse of the volcano on 22 Dec 2018.
When was Krakatoa’s last eruption?
- The last major eruption at Krakatoa was about 18 months ago, when an eruption of the volcano on December 22, 2018 caused a deadly tsunami.
- Monster waves up to five meters in height made landfall, destroying hundreds of homes and killing more than 400 people.
- On December 31, 2018, the disaster agency gave the tsunami's death toll as 437, with 14,059 injured and more than 40,000 displaced.
- Following its eruption in 2018, the volcano collapsed - losing about two-thirds of its height and three-quarters of its mass.
Where is Anak Krakatoa?
- Anak Krakatau is a volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Indonesian province of Lampung.
- Anak Krakatau, which translates to "the child of Krakatoa," was formed after Krakatoa erupted in 1883.
- The eruption produced a massive explosion 10,000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima and killed approximately 36,000 people.
- The closest city to Anak Krakatoa is Jakarta, which lies about 100 miles from the volcano.
- Indonesia is often stuck by tsunamis because it sits within the Pacific Ring of Fire, which is a 25,000 miles-long chain of volcanoes and Earthquake hotbeds.