ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS (OPCW) 

 

News : 

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has for the first time explicitly blamed Syria for toxic attacks, saying President Bashar al-Assad's air force used the nerve gas sarin and chlorine three times in 2017. 

 

About OPCW 

  • OPCW is an intergovernmental organisation and the implementing body for the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force in 1997.
  •  It oversees the global endeavour to permanently and verifiably eliminate chemical weapons. 
  • Established in 1997 and Headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.
  • 193 States committed to the Chemical Weapons Convention (All states party to the CWC are automatically members. 4 UN Member States are non-members: Egypt, Israel, North Korea and South Sudan. Of these Israel signed CWC but didn’t ratified it, rest 3 are non-signatories).
  • 98% of the global population live under the protection of the Convention. 
  • 97% of the chemical weapons stockpiles declared by possessor States have been verifiably destroyed

Nobel Peace Prize: The organisation was awarded the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons with most recent being in Syria civil war". 

The OPCW–The Hague Award: It is an annual award founded by the OPCW as a result of their being presented with the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. The Award honours individuals and institutions that have significantly contributed towards the goal of a world free of chemical weapons.  

 

 

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