China’s national security law

#GS2 #International #Laws

 

China has passed a new law restricting sensitive exports to protect national security, a move that adds to policy tools it could wield against the U.S. as tensions — especially in technology — continue to rise.

 

Details of the law 

  • The law, which China’s top legislature passed recently, allows Beijing to “take reciprocal measures” against countries that abuse export controls and pose a threat to national security.
  • Technical data related to items covered will also be subject to export controls, according to the published text of the law.
  • Beijing’s measure gives it more room to hit back in U.S. President Donald Trump’s war on Chinese tech firms, with the White House moving against popular platforms and major companies — including apps TikTok and WeChat, tech giant Huawei and chipmaker Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp.
  • The new law, “formulated to safeguard national security and interests”, adds to China’s regulatory toolkit which also involves a restriction catalog of tech exports and an unreliable entity list.
  • Where any country or region abuses export control measures to endanger the national security and interests of the People’s Republic of China, (it) may take reciprocal measures.
  • It adds that Chinese authorities will formulate and adjust an export control list of items to be published in a “timely manner”.
  • Foreign individuals and groups can also be found liable for violating export control rules.

 

Background 

  • In September, China launched a long-expected “unreliable entities list”, widely seen as a weapon to retaliate against the US which has used its own “entity list” to shut Huawei out of the U.S. market.
  • The month before that, China’s Commerce Ministry stepped up rules on technologies restricted for export, adding “civilian use” to the list.
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