Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2020

#GS2 #Education

 

The findings of the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2020 (Rural) Wave 1 – the first-ever phone-based survey – come amid the Covid-19 outbreak, which led to a spike in digital learning.

  • ASER 2020 was conducted in 26 states and four Union Territories.
  • The survey covered 118,838 households, where phone calls were made to parents of children aged between five and 16 years.
  • Altogether, 8,963 teachers’ responses were also recorded in the survey.

 

Aim

  • The report aims to provide reliable estimates of children’s enrolment and basic learning levels for each district and state in India
  • ASER 2020 explore the following areas
  • Children's enrollment
  • Children not currently enrolled
  • Household resources
  • Learning support at home
  • Access to learning materials

 

Key Findings

  • Around 50% of the teachers surveyed in the rural areas did not receive any form of training and 68.8% received perfunctory training based on brief instructions.
  • As compared to data from ASER 2018, data from ASER 2020 show a small shift in enrolment from private to government schools, across all grades and among both girls and boys.
  • The proportion of boys enrolled in government schools rose from 62.8% in 2018 to 66.4% in 2020.
  • The proportion of girls enrolled in government schools rose from 70% to 73% during the same period.
  • ASER 2020 shows that 5.5 per cent children are not currently enrolled for the 2020-21 school year, up from 4 per cent in 2018. This difference is the sharpest among the youngest children (ages 6 to 10), possibly because they have not yet secured admission to school. While 1.8 per cent children in this age group were not enrolled in 2018, that has spiked to 5.3 per cent.
  • Among enrolled children, 61.8 per cent live in families that own at least one smartphone.
  • Almost 75 per cent of children said they received some form of learning support from family members, with older siblings playing a key role.

 

ASER Survey

  • This is an annual survey (published by education non-profit Pratham) that aims to provide reliable estimates of children’s enrolment and basic learning levels for each district and state in India.
  • ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in all rural districts of India. It is the largest citizen-led survey in India.
  • It is also the only annual source of information on children’s learning outcomes available in India.
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