‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India-2019’ report
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The National Crime Record Bureau’s (NCRB) has released ‘Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India-2019’ report.
- Last year, 139,123 people died by suicide and 421,104 were killed in accidents in India.
- Between 2018 and 2019, the number of people dying in accidents increased by 2.3% while for suicides, this number was 3.4%.
- As many as 42,480 farmers and daily wagers committed suicide in 2019, an increase of about 6 per cent from the previous year, as the number of farmers committing suicide fell marginally while that of daily wagers increased 8 per cent.
- According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data on accidental deaths and suicides, 10,281 farmers committed suicide in 2019, down from 10,357 in 2018, whereas the figure for daily wagers went up to 32,559 from 30,132.
- The suicide rate in the deeply stressed farming sector accounted for 7.4 per cent of the total suicides in the country, resulting in deaths of 5,957 farmers and 4,324 agricultural labourers, the NCRB said in a report containing the latest data.
- The total number of suicides in the country increased to 139,123 in 2019 from 1,34,516 in 2018.
- In 2015, the NCRB had published elaborate data on farmer suicides, including the reasons for suicides.
- However, the report released by the bureau on Monday omitted these classifications and instead gave a break-up in terms of males and females.
- Among daily wage earners who committed suicide, 29,092 were male and 3,467 female.
- According to the NCRB, states and UTs which reported increase in suicides in 2019 over 2018 were Bihar (44.7%), Punjab (37.5%), Daman & Diu (31.4%), Jharkhand (25.0%), Uttarakhand (22.6%) and Andhra Pradesh (21.5%).
About National Crime Record Bureau
- NCRB, headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
- It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
- NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report).
- Being published since 1953, the report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.