One Nation One Ration Card 

#GS2 #Governance #Schemems 

The Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, announced the inclusion of three more states namely - Odisha, Sikkim and Mizoram in the scheme on ‘Integrated Management of Public Distribution System’ (IM-PDS). 

Under this system nation-wide portability of the benefits under NFSA through “One Nation One Ration Card” plan is implemented to enable the NFSA ration card holders to lift their entitled quota of subsidised foodgrains from any ePoS enabled FPS of their choice anywhere in the country, by using the existing/same ration card after Aadhaar authentication on ePoS device. 

What is the one ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ system? 

  • Under the National Food Security Act, 2013, about 81 crore persons are entitled to buy subsidized foodgrain — rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg, and coarse grains at Re 1/kg — from their designated Fair Price Shops (FPS) of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS). 
  • Currently, about 23 crore ration cards have been issued to nearly 80 crore beneficiaries of NFSA in all states and UTs. 
  • In the present system, a ration cardholder can buy foodgrains only from an FPS that has been assigned to her in the locality in which she lives. 
  • However, this will change once the ONORC system becomes operational nationally. 

How would that work? 

  • Under the ONORC system, the beneficiary will be able to buy subsidised foodgrains from any FPS across the country. 
  • The new system, based on a technological solution, will identify a beneficiary through biometric authentication on electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) devices installed at the FPSs. 
  • This would enable that person to purchase the number of foodgrains to which she is entitled under the NFSA. 
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