World Elephant Day

#GS3 #Environment #Wildlife #Conservation 

World Elephant Day celebrated on August 12 is an international annual event, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world's elephants. The goal of World Elephant Day is to create awareness of elephant conservation and to share knowledge and positive solutions for the better protection and management of wild and captive elephants.

  • Asian elephants are listed as “Endangered" on the IUCN Red List of threatened species.
  • This has been done most of the range states except India, have lost their viable elephant populations due to loss of habitats & poaching, etc.
  • The current population estimates indicate that there are about 50,000 - 60000 Asian elephants in the world.
  • More than 60 % of the population is held in India.
  • Indian Elephant has also been listed in Appendix I of the Convention of the Migratory species in the recently concluded Conference of Parties of CMS 13 at Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat in February 2020.
  • The elephant is the Natural Heritage Animal of India and India also celebrates this day to spread awareness towards conservation of the species.
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