What is the National Human Rights Commission (#GS II)


  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a statutory organization that promotes human rights in India.
  • The Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA) of 1993 created it as a statutory organization on October 12, 1993.
  • In addition, the State Human Rights Commission is established by the Act.


  • The chairperson is either a retired Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court judge.

The President appoints them based on the recommendations of a six-member commission that includes:

  • Leaders of the Opposition in both Houses of Parliament Union Home Minister Prime Minister (head) Speaker of the Lok Sabha Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

Term of Office and Termination:

  • They are in office for three years or until they reach the age of 70, whichever comes first.
  • Under certain circumstances, the President has the authority to remove them from office.

Source : THE HINDU. 


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