#GS2 #GOVERNANCE #ACTs
The High Court has directed the Karnataka State government to take a decision on whether Vidyagama programme could be recommenced for students of rural and semi-urban areas who have no access to online education.
- The government can take assistance from private companies under the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scheme funds to provide computers, laptops or tabs to impart online education to students who can’t afford such gadgets, as the government said that it cannot provide them due to financial crunch cropped up following the pandemic.
- The education department has asked government teachers and other staff to be present in schools and review progress made by students under the Vidyagama programme next week. Teachers have also been asked to chalk out a learning plan and prepare material for students based on the review findings.
- The outreach programme, where teachers conducted classes outside school campus in small groups, was halted till October 30 due to fear of the virus spreading among students and teachers.
Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act
- The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010.
- The title of the RTE Act incorporates the words ‘free and compulsory’. ‘Free education’ means that no child, other than a child who has been admitted by his or her parents to a school which is not supported by the appropriate Government, shall be liable to pay any kind of fee or charges or expenses which may prevent him or her from pursuing and completing elementary education.
- ‘Compulsory education’ casts an obligation on the appropriate Government and local authorities to provide and ensure admission, attendance and completion of elementary education by all children in the 6-14 age group.
- With this, India has moved forward to a rights based framework that casts a legal obligation on the Central and State Governments to implement this fundamental child right as enshrined in the Article 21A of the Constitution, in accordance with the provisions of the RTE Act.17.