Ukraine, U.S. launch Black Sea drills

#GS2 #IR #TERRITORIAL WATERS #UNCLOS

Context: 

Recently Ukraine and the united states launched joint naval exercises in the Black Sea .

Background:

  • Recently, Russia accused Britain of spreading lies over a warship confrontation in the Black Sea and warned London that it might respond resolutely to any more provocative actions by British Navy off the coast of Russia-annexed Crimea.
  • Russia summoned the British Ambassador in Moscow for a proper diplomatic scolding after the warship breached.
  • The Black Sea , which Russia uses to project its power within the Mediterranean, has for centuries been a flashpoint between Russia and its competitors like Turkey, France, U.S. and the U.K.
  • Russia seized and annexed the Crimea peninsula from Ukraine in 2014 and considers areas around its coast to be Russian waters. 
  • Western countries deem Crimea to be a part of Ukraine and reject Russia’s claim to the seas around it.
  • During its 2008 war with Georgia, Russia bristled at U.S. warships operating within the Black Sea , and in April 2021 the U.S. cancelled the deployment of two warships to the world .
  • In 2018 Russian forces boarded and took control of three Ukrainian naval ships off the Black Sea peninsula.
Ukraine, US launch Black Sea drills despite Russian protest | Military News  | Al Jazeera

Britain’s Stand:

  • It doesn’t recognise the Russian annexation of Crimea and believes it's Ukrainian waters and it had been entirely right to use them to travel from A to B.
  • The Royal Navy ship was conducting innocent passage through Ukrainian territorial waters in accordance with international law.
  • Under the international law of the sea, innocent passage permits a vessel to undergo another state’s territorial waters so long as this doesn't affect its security.

BIASA BASICS 

About Ukraine-US Naval exercise (Sea Breeze Drills):

  • The drills come just days after British Royal Navy’s HMS Defender passed near Russian-annexed Crimea in the Black Sea .
  • Exercise sea breeze may be a multinational maritime exercise co-hosted by U.S. Sixth Fleet and therefore the Ukrainian Navy in the Black Sea since 1997.
  • It has taken place 21 times since 1997 and can involve some 5,000 military personnel from quite 30 countries.
  • The exercises will last fortnight and involve around 30 ships, including the missile destroyer USS Ross.
  • It is an exercise centred on Global Partnership as are often seen here on the map of the planet .
  • Sea Breeze 2021 is meant to reinforce the interoperability of participating nations and strengthen maritime security and peace within the region

 

 

SOURCE: THE HINDU 

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