The “State of Climate Report”

#GS3 #Environment #ClimateChange

 

The World Meteorological Organization of the United Nations recently released the “State of Climate Report”.

 

Highlights

  • Two million deaths, $3.6 trillion in economic losses, and 11,000 disasters over the past 50 years taking place due to extreme weather conditions.
  • The "2020 State of Climate Services" said those numbers represent a five-fold increase in the number of recorded disasters.
  • Extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency, intensity, and severity as a result of climate change.
  • Climate-fueled disasters (wildfires, floods) are destroying lives and livelihoods in every corner of the world
  • Early warning is critical to saving lives, reducing risk, and increasing resilience.
  • 1 in 3 people in the world is not covered by early warning systems.
  • COVID-19 generated large international health and economic crisis from which it will take years to recover.
  • It is crucial to remember that climate change will continue to pose an on-going and increasing threat to human lives, ecosystems, economies, and societies for centuries to come.

 

Key Findings of the Reports

  • The number of people who need international humanitarian help could rise 50% by 2030.
  • More than 108 million were affected by disasters such as floods, storms, droughts and wildfires.
  • The average number of deaths in the last 50 years has decreased by 50 years.
  • Only 40% of the World Meteorological Organization has Multi-Hazard Early Warning System.
  • The International Monetary Fund said that the pandemic-related recession will shrink the global economy by 4.4% for 2020 — the worst downturn since the Great Depression.

 

Recommendation

  • The report has made some strategic recommendations:
  • To focus investment on early warning information systems.
  • To invest in African Least Developed Countries.
  • To track finance flows.
  • To ensure sustainable financing for early warnings.
  • The GreenHouse Gases are at their highest level in 3 million years.
  • All countries should reduce their emissions by 45% from that of the 2010 levels. This is the only way to limit global heating to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • Only 70 countries have agreed to carbon neutrality by 2050.
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