1. Cotton Pygmy Goose
  2. Snow Leopard

Cotton Pygmy Goose

  • Scientific Name: Nettapus coromandelianus.
Cotton Pygmy-Goose - eBird
  • Habitat: Freshwater wetlands with extensive floating vegetation especially water lilies.
    • They are distributed in South East Asia & parts of eastern Australia.
  • Features
    • Tiny duck belonging to the anatidae family is constituted by ducks, geese, and swans.
    • The Male has a bright white head and neck with a dark crown and eyes.
    • Female is plainer, with a strong dark eye-line that does not continue back to the nape.
    • In India, they breed between June and August, seeking tree hollows to build the nests.
  • Concerns
    • Decreasing population due to habitat loss.
    • Climate change and natural disasters (hurricanes, global warming, tsunamis, etc).
    • Disease & anthropogenic threats.
  • Conservation
    • Geographically spaced populations.
    • Protecting wetlands from storms & sea-level change.
    • Post-disaster contingency plans for population restoration.
  • Protection Status
    • IUCN Red List: Least Concern.
    • State of India’s Birds 2020 Report: Concerning List.

Snow Leopard

Snow leopard guide: habitat, diet and conservation - Discover Wildlife
  • Scientific Name: Panthera uncia.
  • Habitat: Cold High Mountains.
  • These are found in 12 countries including China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Russia & Mongolia.
  • Diet: Carnivore & hunt blue sheep, Argali wild sheep, ibex, marmots, pikas, hares, etc.


  • One of the world’s most elusive cats & are perfectly equipped to thrive in extreme, high-elevation habitats.
  • Insulated with thick white-gray coats spotted with large black rosettes & wide, fur-covered feet act as natural snowshoes. Tail helps in balancing and also covers the body while sleeping.
  • Shy & rarely seen in the wild.
  • Threats
    • Increased conflict due to expansion of human settlement & livestock grazing.
    • Poaching for trade in body parts and fur.
    • Climate change & shrinkage in habitat.
  • Conservation
    • Establishment of protected areas like sanctuaries & corridors.
    • Strengthen enforcement against poaching.
    • Building awareness.
  • Protection Status
    • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable.
    • Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I.


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