1. Gharials

2. Amorphophallus Titanum

Gharial hatchlings seen in Odisha (Environment# GS3)

Recently, Gharial has been spotted in Mahanadi river, Odisha.

Efforts to conserve the critically endangered gharial in India

Key Point:
Gharial is additionally referred to as the gavial or the fish-eating crocodile.
It is longest among all living crocodilians
Critically Endangered (IUCN Red List)
Schedule I: Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
Appendix I: CITES
Threats: Loss of habitat due to sand mining and conversion to agriculture, depletion of fish resources and detrimental fishing.
Odisha is that the only State in India having all three species of crocodiles (gharial, mugger and saltwater crocodiles).

Gharial reserves of India:

 Uttar Pradesh (Ghaghara river), Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
Today, their major population occurs in three tributaries of the Ganga River: the Chambal and also the Girwa Rivers in India and the Rapti-Narayani River in Nepal.

Amorphophallus Titanum

 A rare flower namely Corpse Flower (Amorphophallus titanum) has been showcased  in San Francisco (United States). 

Important Points

  • The ‘corpse flower’ (also known as the Carrion flower) is native to the rainforests of Sumatra in Indonesia
    • It is known to be one of the world’s largest ‘unbranched inflorescence’ or a stalk bearing a cluster of flowers.
    • The flower emits a heady odour in order to attract pollinating insects in the wild such as scavenging flies and beetles.
  • The ‘corpse flower’ can grow to be up to 10 feet tall and unveil two of its key components:
    • Deep red skirt-like petal known as the spathe and 
    • Yellow rod-like ‘spadix’. 
    • Another crucial component of the plant is the ‘corm’, a fleshy underground plant stem that acts as a storage organ where the corpse plant’s energy is stored.
  • Conservation: IUCN declared it as an Endangered plant in 2018.


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