"Shahi Lichi"and "Zardalu Mango" 

#GS3 #Economy  

The Department of Posts, Government of India and Department of Horticulture, Government of Bihar have joined hands to supply ''Shahi Lichi'' from Muzaffarpur and "Zardalu Mango" from Bhagalpur to the people at doorstep. 

Important for UPSC : Both have received GI Tags in 2018 

Shahi Lichi of Bihar 

  • The GI registration for Shahi lichi was done in the name of Litchi Growers Association of Bihar, which had also applied for the tag. 
  • The fruit is the fourth product from the state, after Jardalu mango, Katarni rice and Magahi paan, to receive the status. 
  • It was granted tag based on geography and tradition that involves some unique means of production. 
  • The shahi variety of litchi grown in Muzaffarpur has high pulp and is juicier compared to the litchi grown in other parts of the country. 
  • Humid condition and alluvial soil having fairly good amount of calcium content in Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, and nearby areas, proved ideal for litchi cultivation in Bihar. 
  • Litchi production was initially introduced in Bengal, which gradually spread to other parts of country, including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. 
  • India is the second largest producer of litchi in the world and Bihar is the leading state for litchi production in the country. State produces 40% of the litchis grown in India on 38% of the area. Production is mostly organic. 

Zardalu Mango 

  • Jardalu mango has been described as a unique product from Bhagalpur.  
  • This mango variety is known for its light yellow skin and special aroma. 
  • The application for GI tag was moved by Jardalu Aam Utpadak Sangh (Jardalu mango producers’ union), Madhuban, Maheshi village under Sultanganj block of Bhagalpur district. 
  • It has been mentioned that the Jardalu mango was first planted in Bhagalpur region by Maharaja Rahmat Ali Khan Bahadur of Kharagpur.  
  • The growers association says that a more than 200-year-old Jardalu tree in Tagepur village under Jagdishpur block of the district acted as mother plant. 
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