Sant Kabir das Jayanthi
#GS1 #BHAKTHI MOVEMENT
Recently, the Prime Minister has paid tribute to Sant Kabir Das ji on his Jayanti on 24th June.
Kabirdas Jayanti also referred to as Kabir Prakat Diwas is celebrated once a year on the full moon day in the Hindu month Jyeshtha.
On his birth anniversary, Sant Kabirdas' followers remember him by reciting his poems and teachings.
About Sant Kabirdas:
- He was a 15th-century Indian mystic, social reformer, poet and saint who had a big role among the people in India.
- He was one among the foremost influential saints.
- He was mentioned during a family of Muslim julahas orweavers settled in or near the town of Benares (Varanasi).
- Recently, the UP Tourism department has initiated to market Maghar as a tourist destination where Hindus have built a temple in memory of Kabir, while Muslims have constructed a mausoleum in his memory.
- He was best known for his two-line couplets, referred to as 'Kabir Ke Dohe'.
- He is a widely revered poet whose works had an incredible influence on the Bhakti movement.
- Kabir's legacy remains happening through a sect referred to as Panth of Kabir, a spiritual community that considers him as the founder.
what are His Teaching:
- Kabir’s teachings were based on a complete, indeed vehement, rejection of the key religious traditions.
- His teachings openly ridiculed all sorts of external worship of both Brahmanical Hinduism and Islam,the pre-eminence of the priestly classes and therefore the class structure .
- Kabir believed during a formless Supreme God and preached that the sole path to salvation was through bhakti or devotion. Kabir drew his followers from among both Hindus and Muslims
- The language of his poetry was a sort of spoken Hindi widely understood by ordinary people.
- According to him every life features a relationship with two spiritual principles (Jivatma and Paramatma). His view about the moksha is that it's the method of uniting these two divine principles.
- He also sometimes used cryptic language, which is difficult to follow.
- His popular verses and dohas still inspire generations even within the 21st century.
- Kabir Das' writings had an excellent influence on the Bhakti movement and includes titles like Kabir Granthawali, Anurag Sagar, Bijak, and Sakhi Granth,Panch Vani
- The major a part of his work was collected by the fifth Sikh guru--Guru Arjan Dev.
- He fought against social evils and taught the lesson of humanity and love to the world.
- An important landmark in the cultural history of medieval India was the silent revolution in society caused by socio-religious reformers, a revolution referred to as the Bhakti Movement.
- This movement was liable for many rites and rituals related to the worship of God by Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs of Indian subcontinent.
- For example, Kirtan at a Hindu Temple, Qawwali at a Dargah (by Muslims), and singing of Gurbani at a Gurdwara are all derived from the Bhakti movement of medieval India (800-1700).
- The leader of this Hindu revivalist movement was Shankaracharya, an excellent thinker and a distinguished philosopher.
- This movement was propounded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Namadeva, Tukaram, Jayadeva.
- The movement's major achievement was its abolition of idolatry .
- The leader of the bhakti movement focusing on the Lord as Rama was Ramananda.
- Followers of Bhakti movement in 12th and 13th Century included saints like Bhagat Namdev, and Saint Kabir Das, who insisted on the devotional singing of praises of lord through their own compositions.
- Guru Nanak, the primary Sikh Guru and founding father of Sikhism, too was a Nirguna Bhakti Saint and social reformer.
- He was against all distinctions of caste also because the religious rivalries and rituals. He preached the unity of God and condemned formalism and ritualism of both Islam and Hinduism. Guru Nanak's gospel was for all men. He proclaimed their equality altogether respects.