Russia starts pulling back troops from Ukraine border




  • Russia declared the sweeping maneuvers in Crimea and wide swaths of western Russia over, and ordered the military to bring the troops that took part in them back to their permanent bases by May 1.
  • Russian troops began pulling back to their permanent bases after a massive buildup that has caused Ukrainian and Western concerns.

Realtime easing in the contentious circumstances 

  •  Russian forces that took part in the massive drills in Crimea were moving to board trains, transport aircraft and landing vessels en route to their permanent bases.
  •  Ukraine thanked NATO and the EU countries for offering “very firm and immediate support to Ukraine”
  • If the pullback is confirmed, “this would mean a real easing of tension.”
  •  While ordering the pullback of military personnel, Russia also ordered to keep heavy weapons in western Russia for a massive exercise later this year.
Russia warns NATO to BACK DOWN after Putin masses 4,000 troops on Ukraine  border sparking war fears


Ukraine Crisis

  • Ukraine is at loggerheads with Russia over the occupation of Crimean peninsula by Russia.
  • The annexation of Crimea from Ukraine followed a Russian military intervention in Crimea that took place in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and was part of wider unrest across southern and eastern Ukraine.
  •  In 2018, Russia also arrested 24 Ukrainian naval officers from Kerch Strait for alleged border violations.
  • In June 2020, Ukraine became ‘Enhanced Opportunity Partners’ under the Partnership Interoperability Initiative of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  •  Ukraine is also seeking North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and European Union membership, a move that would be offensive to Russia and that could obstruct attempts to resolve other tensions with Russia.

Euromaidan Movement

  •  Euromaidan (European Square) was a wave of demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, which began in November 2013 with public protests in Maidan Nezalezhnosti ("Independence Square") in Kyiv, Ukraine.

Separatist movement in East Ukraine

  • The Donbass region (the Donetsk and Luhansk regions) of eastern Ukraine is facing a pro-Russian separatist movement since 2014.
  •  According to the Ukrainian government, the movement is actively supported by the Russian government and Russian paramilitaries make up to between 15% to 80% of the separatists fighting against Ukraine government.

Normandy Format

 Normandy format is also known as the Normandy contact group, or the Normandy Four is a diplomatic group of senior representatives of the four countries (Germany, Russia, Ukraine, and France) to resolve the war in Eastern Ukraine.

India - Ukraine

  •  Recently, Ukraine has shown interest to procure some military hardware from India in addition to efforts to deepen its presence in the Indian defence market.
  •  It is in sync with Indian defence sector reforms and Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan which includes making India self reliant in defence manufacturing.
  •  Ukraine has signed four agreements worth USD 70 million which includes sale of new weapons as well as maintenance and upgrades of existing ones (R-27 air-to-air missiles) in service with the Indian armed forces.
  •  Ukraine also showed its intent to sell India its AN-178 medium transport aircraft.
  • Ukraine is currently upgrading the AN-32 transport fleet of the Indian Air Force (IAF) under a deal finalised in 2009.
  • The Ukraine team also held discussions with the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and looked at possible collaborations in research and development.

What are the  Challenges associated with it:

  • The rift between Russia and Ukraine, which burst out into armed combat when Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine in 2014, has created a potential dilemma for India.
  •  Recently, a Russian press release has objected to the overhaul in Ukraine of military equipment built and sold by Russia.
  • Russia has begun objecting to customers dealing with Ukraine.
  • The potential for trouble with Russia exists because the Indian Air Force (IAF) is currently collaborating with Ukraine to overhaul its fleet of AN-32s.


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