The Rezang La Battle  (#GS II)

Topic: India's Relations with its Neighbours

Why is it in the news:

  • The Battle of Rezang La is celebrated for the 59th time on November 18th. A memorial was dedicated on the occasion.

What transpired with Rezang La:

  • Rezang La is a mountain pass in Ladakh that runs parallel to the Line of Actual Control and connects the hamlet of Chushul with the Spanggur Lake, which straddles both Indian and Chinese territory.
  • It was also the site of a valiant combat on November 18, 1962.
  • The 13 Kumaon Regiment defeated successive waves of the Chinese People's Liberation Army during the battle in 1962.
  • Despite being vastly outmanned, the regiment's soldiers fought to the death in subzero weather with limited ammunition.

Importance of the region: Rezang La is crucial for the protection of the strategically important Chushul. Any invading force that made it so far would have had a direct route to Leh.

Preliminary Exam Hot-Link:

  • Information on the Rezang La Battle.
  • What is a line of communication (LoC), how is it established, and what is the geographic scope and relevance of one?
  • What is LAC, exactly?
  • Where did Nathu la go?
  • What is the location of Pangong Tso Lake?
  • Who is in charge of the region of Aksai Chin?
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