Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN)

#GS3 #ECONOMY #GS1 #INDIAN SOCIETY #ETHNICITY 

Context: 

  • It envisions preparing a master list of all indigenous peoples and check the issuance of fake indigenous inhabitant certificates.
  • The RIIN will be prepared after an extensive survey with the help of a village-wise and ward-wise list of indigenous inhabitants based on official records. Also, It will be prepared under the supervision of each district administration.
JCPI submits terms of reference to RIIN Commission | MorungExpress |  morungexpress.com
  • No fresh indigenous inhabitant certificate will be issued after the RIIN is completed except for children born to the State’s indigenous inhabitants who will be issued indigenous certificates along with birth certificates. The RIIN database will be updated accordingly.
  • The RIIN will also be integrated with the online system for Inner-Line Permit, a temporary document non-inhabitants are required to possess for entry into and travel in Nagaland.
  • RIIN has been called as a variant of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) that the state of Assam is updating to identify and weed out illegal immigrants in the state.

NOTE :  

  • Four years after Assam started revising the National Register of Citizens (NRC), the Nagalangovernment had initiated a move to implement its own version of citizenship register, albeit only for indigenous communities of the state.
  •  The Government of Nagaland had decided to set up a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN) with the aim of preventing fake indigenous inhabitants certificates.
  •  The RIIN will be the master list of all indigenous inhabitants of the state.

Unique identity through Indigenous Inhabitant Certificate

  • Based on the adjudication and verification, a list of indigenous inhabitants will be finalised and each person will be given a unique ID.
  •  The final list or the RIIN will be created and its copies will be placed in all villages and ward.
  •  Electronic copies of the list will also be stored in the State Data Centre.
  •  A mechanism or electronic and SMS-based authentication will be put in place.
  •  All indigenous inhabitants of the state would be issued a barcoded and numbered Indigenous Inhabitant Certificate.
  •  The process will be conducted across Nagaland and will be done as part of the online system of Inner Line Permit (ILP), which is already in force in Nagaland.

The Inner Line Permit (ILP)

  •  ILP is an official travel document required by Indian citizens residing outside certain “protected”states while entering them.
  • The ILP is issued by the Govt. of India and is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states.
  •  With the ILP, the government aims to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
  •  ILP‟s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873, which protected the British Crown‟s interest in tea, oil, and elephant trade.
  •  It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.
  •  After Independence, in 1950, the word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizens of India and the focus of the ban on free movement was explained as a bid to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.
What is Inner-Line Permit? – Civilsdaily

How will be the process monitored?

  •  The entire exercise will be monitored by the Commissioner of Nagaland.
  •  In addition, the state government will designate nodal officers of the rank of a Secretary to the state government. Their role will be to monitor the implementation.
  •  However, they will have no say in the adjudication process.
  •  The nodal officers will submit monthly reports of their visits and their assessments to a permanent committee set up under the Home Department to monitor the whole exercise.

How will the RIIN be updated?

  •  Once the RIIN is finalised, no fresh indigenous inhabitant certificates will be issued except to newborn babies born to the indigenous inhabitants of Nagaland.
  •  In case anyone who is left out of the RIIN, he/she will need to file an application before Home Commissioner who will get the matter verified and take necessary action for updating the RIIN if needed.

SOURCE : THE HINDU 

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