Rare Renati Chola inscription 

#GS1 #History #Art&Architecture 

A rare inscription dating back to the Renati Chola era has been unearthed in a remote village of Kadapa district. 

  • Found engraved on a dolomite slab and shale, which are part of a fragmentary pillar recently excavated from the fields of Chinnadudyala village in Muddanur manda. 
  • Going by the language and characters, the inscription was written in archaic Telugu, which was readable in 25 lines — the first side with 11 lines and the remaining on the other side. It was assigned to the 8th Century A.D., when the region was under the rule of the Chola Maharaja of Renadu. 
  • The inscription seems to throw light on the record of a gift of six marttus (a measuring unit) of land gifted to a person Sidyamayu, one of the Brahmins serving the temple at Pidukula village. 
  • The last lines are indicative of the priority given to morality in those days. It says the people who safeguard this inscription for future generations will acquire the status of conducting Aswamedha Yaga, and those destroying it will incur sin equivalent to causing a death in Varanasi. 

About Renati (Renadu) Cholas  

  • The Telugu Cholas of Renadu (also called as Renati Cholas) ruled over Renadu region, the present day Cuddapah district. They were originally independent, later forced to the suzerainty of the Eastern Chalukyas. They had the unique honour of using the Telugu language in their inscriptions belonging to the 6th and 8th centuries; the inscriptions at Gandikota. 
  • The earliest Chola family in the Telugu area was that of Renadu. Regarding their origin, they belonged to the family of Karikala Chola. 
  • The earliest of this family was Nandivarman (500AD) who claimed descent from the family of Karikala and the Kasyapa Gotra. He had three sons Simhavishnu, Sundarananda and Dhananjaya, all of whom were ruling different territories simultaneously; the family seems to have had its origin in Erigal in the Tunmkur district, situated in the border between Pallava and Kadamba regions. 
  • Dhananjaya is described as Erigal-mutturaju and as ruling Renadu. In the first half of the seventh century, we find Punyakumara, a descendant of Nandivarman, ruling over Renadu and Hiranyarashtra, he too bears the title Erikal-mutturaju. 

About Chola Administration  

  • Chola Empire was divided into 6 Mandalams or provinces, administered by Governors. 
  • Mandalams were further divided into Valanadus. 
  • Valanadus into Nadus and Nadus into Taniyars. 
  • Ur was a type of assembly of common villages. All members of the village could become the member of ur. 
  • Local self government was there (concept of Panchayati Raj has been borrowed from it). 
  • Agriculture and economy flourished. 
  • Silk weaving at Kanchi flourished. 
  • Commerce and trade were brisk with trunk roads or peruvazhis and merchant guilds. 
  • Arabian horses were imported in large numbers to strengthen the cavalry. 
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