Project Lion: Relocation Sites

#GS3 #ENVIRONMENT

Six new sites apart from the Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary were identified under Project Lion that was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on August 15, 2020.

 

The six new sites include:

  1. Madhav National Park, Madhya Pradesh.
  2. Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan.
  3. Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan.
  4. Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh.
  5. Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan.
  6. Jessore-Balaram Ambaji WLS and adjoining landscape, Gujarat.

 

What is the need for relocation?

  • The population in Gir has low genetic diversity, making it vulnerable to threats of extension from epidemics.
  • Lions are found in Gujarat across an area of 30,000 sq km called the Asiatic Lion Landscape (ALL).
  • Besides, the 2013 Supreme Court order directed Gujarat to relocate lions to the Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary.

About Asiatic Lions:

  • Listed as ‘Endangered’ under the IUCN Red List.
  • Its population is restricted to the state of Gujarat in India (Gir National Park).
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