Probe into digging, construction activities in Kaziranga

#GS3 #Environment

  • The authorities in Assam’s Golaghat and Nagaon districts have begun probing cases of clearance of forest land, digging and construction activities on at least three animal corridors within the eco-sensitive zone of the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve.
  • These two districts share large swathes of the 1,300-sq. km. tiger reserve that has nine identified animal corridors. Seven of these — Amguri, Bagori, Chirang, Deosur, Harmati, Hatidandi and Kanchanjuri — are in Nagaon district while Haldibari and Panbari corridors are in Golaghat district.

Environmental Concern

  • These corridors are crucial for the rhinos, elephants, tigers, deer and other animals that escape a flooded Kaziranga during the monsoon months for the safety of the hills of Karbi Anglong district beyond the highway skirting the southern boundary of the tiger reserve.

About Kaziranga National Park 

  • Kaziranga National park is a 430 square kilometre area sprinkled with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and dense forests that are home to more than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros, approximately 2/3rd of their total world population.
  • It lies south of the Brahmaputra river.
  • Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park is located on the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district in Assam.
  • The National Highway 37 passes near the park. The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.
  • In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Along with the iconic Greater one-horned rhinoceros, the park is the breeding ground of elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  • Over time, the tiger population has also increased in Kaziranga, and that’s the reason why Kaziranga was declared as Tiger Reserve in 2006.
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