Prevention of nutritional deficiencies, anaemia

#GS3 #CHILDWELFARE #HEALTH

Although the latest National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) data for Karnataka presents an improved scenario on some counts, the State has slipped in prevention of nutritional deficiencies and anaemia.

There has been improvement in overall sex ratio, infant mortality, finds survey

  • While anaemia in children aged 6-59 months has increased from 60.9% in 2015–16 to 65.5% in 2019–20, it has shot up from 44.8% to 47.8% in all women aged 15–49. Anaemia in men aged 15–49 has also gone up from 18.3% to 19.6%.
  • On a positive note, the data shows some gains in infant and under-five mortalities. While the overall sex ratio has significantly improved from 979 to 1,034, sex ratio at birth for children born in the last five years in rural areas continues to be worrisome. 
  • According to the data, while quality of antenatal care continues to be poor, the proportion of women registering within the first trimester has increased 65.9% to 71%, the proportion of pregnant women who consumed iron folic acid tablets (critical for tackling anaemia) for 100 days or more during pregnancy has decreased from 45.2% to 44.7%.
  • Compared to the NFHS-4, there has been improvement in terms of infant and under-five mortality rates. 
  • While the infant mortality rate has reduced from 26.9 per 1,000 live births to 25.4 per 1,000 live births, mortality rate among children under five years of age has also reduced from 31.5 to 29.5.
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