Pokkali Rice 

#GS3 Agriculture #Economy

Due to severe seawater incursion (after cyclone Amphan) into paddy fields, farmers in South 24 Parganas District of West Bengal are betting on bringing pokkali variety of rice from Kerala to their fields. 

What is Pokkali variety of rice? 

  • The pokkali variety, known for its saltwater resistance, flourishes in the paddy fields of coastal Alappuzha, Ernakulam and Thrissur districts. The uniqueness of the rice has brought it the Geographical Indication (GI) tag and is the subject of continuing research. 
  • Five kilos of Vyttila-11 variety of pokkali seedlings were sent by post by Francis Kalathungal, who is part of the Pokkali Samrakshana Samithi, which has been at the vanguard of a movement to revive pokkali cultivation and prevent it from dying out. 
  • Vyttila-11 is the latest variety to come out of Kerala Agricultural University’s field station in Vyttila. It promises better yield of about 5 tonnes per hectare than the previous varieties, and is crossed with the Jyoti variety of rice popular in Kerala. The crop duration is about 110 days. 
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