Plasma therapy trials yet to take off in State

#GS3 #Science

Clinical trials team to be revamped

  • Six days after the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) approved a proposal by a private hospital to take up clinical trials for plasma therapy in collaboration with Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute (BMCRI), the process is yet to take off in Karnataka.
  • This is despite two recovered COVID-19 patients having donated their plasma and three more coming forward to donate.

Plasma therapy

  • Plasma is a critical part of the treatment for many serious health problems. This is why there are blood drives asking people to donate blood plasma.
  • Along with water, salt, and enzymes, plasma also contains important components. These include antibodies, clotting factors, and the proteins albumin and fibrinogen. 
  • When you donate blood, healthcare providers can separate these vital parts from your plasma. 
  • These parts can then be concentrated into various products. These products are then used as treatments that can help save the lives of people suffering from burns, shock, trauma, and other medical emergencies.
  • The proteins and antibodies in plasma are also used in therapies for rare chronic conditions. These include autoimmune disorders and hemophilia. 
  • People with these conditions can live long and productive lives because of the treatments. 

Donating plasma

  • If you want to donate plasma to help others in need, you will go through a screening process. This is to make sure your blood is healthy and safe. If you qualify as a plasma donor, you'll spend about an hour and a half at a clinic on every follow-up visit.
  • During the actual blood donation process, your blood is drawn through a needle placed in a vein in one arm. A special machine separates the plasma and often the platelets from your blood sample. This process is called plasmapheresis. The remaining red blood cells and other blood components are then returned to your body, along with a little saline (salt) solution.
  • People with the blood type AB are in the greatest demand for plasma donation. They make up just 2 in 50 people, their plasma is universal. This means their plasma can be used by anyone.
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