1. Pangolins
  2. Oxygen Express



Pangolin - Wikipedia
  • Solitary, primarily nocturnal animals and are easily recognized by their full armor of scales.
  • Only mammals wholly-covered in scales, used to protect themselves from predators in the wild.
  • Diet: Ants, termites and larvae.


  • Eight species of pangolins are found on two continents namely Asia and Africa.
  • Only Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) and Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) are found in India.


  • Habitat loss.
  • Illegal wildlife crime like hunting and poaching for their meat and scales.
  • Protection Status
    • All species range from Vulnerable to Critically Endangered in IUCN Red List.
    • WWF and TRAFFIC work together to protect them.
    • Indian Pangolin
      • Schedule I under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
      • Appendix I of the International Convention of Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
      • Endangered in IUCN Red List.

Oxygen Express

  • These will be run by the Railways in the following days to transport Liquid Medical Oxygen (LMO) and oxygen cylinders across the country.
  • The requirement for Medical Oxygen is a critical component in the treatment of Covid-19 affected patients and it has increased manifold amidst the resurgence of cases.
  • These will send oxygen wherever there is a demand
  • Green Corridors are being created for fast movement of Oxygen Express trains which will transport LMO through roll-on-roll-off (Ro-Ro) service with road tankers placed on flat wagons.
Covid-19: First 'Oxygen Express' rakes leave from Mumbai region to Vizag |  Hindustan Times
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