PM to release 8th instalment of financial benefit under PM-KISAN

  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will release the 8th instalment of financial benefit under Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) scheme on 14th May at 11 AM via video conferencing. 
  • This will enable the transfer of more than Rs. 19,000 crores to more than 9.5 crores beneficiary farmer families. 
  • Prime Minister will also interact with farmer-beneficiaries during the event. Union Agriculture Minister will also be present on the occasion.

About PM-KISAN

  • Under the PM-KISAN scheme, a financial benefit of Rs. 6000/- per year is provided to the eligible beneficiary farmer families, payable in three equal 4-monthly instalments of Rs.2000/- each. 
  • The fund is transferred directly to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries. In this scheme, Samman Rashi of over Rs. 1.15 lakh crores has been transferred to farmer families so far.

 


 

Biennial Elections to the Legislative Councils

  • The term of office of 03 (Three) members of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council and 06 (Six) members of Telangana Legislative Council elected by the members of respective Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) are expiring.
  • As per the provisions of Section 16 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the seats of the State Legislative Council which are going to be vacant on the expiration of the term of the members, are required to be filled up by holding a biennial election before the said expiration of the term.
  • But the outbreak of the second wave of COVID-19 in the country makes it difficult to hold a biennial election to the Legislative Councils.

Legislative Councils

India follows a bicameral system (two Houses of Parliament). At the state level, the equivalent of the Rajya Sabha is the Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council.

Objective: 

  1. To act as a check on hasty actions by the popularly elected House.
  2. To ensure that individuals who might not be cut out for the rough-and-tumble of direct elections too are able to contribute to the legislative process.
  3. Having a second chamber would allow for more debate and sharing of work between the Houses.

Arguments against having a second house:

  1. The Council is mostly used to accommodate party functionaries who fail to get elected.
  2. It adds unwanted pressure on the exchequer. 
  3. Legislative Councils lack the constitutional mandate to shape non-financial legislation. Legislative Assemblies have the power to override suggestions/amendments made to legislation by the Council.
  4. Legislative Councils Members can’t vote in the election of the President and Vice-President. MLCs can’t vote in the elections of Rajya Sabha members either.
  5. When it comes to Money bills, only fourteen days’ delay can be caused by the Council, which is more or less a formality rather than a barrier in the way of the Money Bill passed by the Assembly. 

Making of the legislative council

Under Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament may by law create or abolish the second chamber in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority.

Strength of the house: As per article 171 clause (1) of the Indian Constitution, the total number of members in the legislative council of a state shall not exceed one third of the total number of the members in the legislative Assembly of that state and the total number of members in the legislative council of a state shall in no case be less than 40.

Legislative Council election

  1. 1/3rd of members are elected by members of the Assembly.
  2. 1/3rd by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and other local authorities in the state.
  3. 1/12th by an electorate consisting of teachers.
  4. 1/12th by registered graduates.
  5. The remaining members are nominated by the Governor from among those who have distinguished themselves in literature, science, art, the cooperative movement, and social service.
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