Kerala presents its Annual Action plan under Jal Jeevan Mission. State to provide about 30 lakh new connections in 2021-22

  • Jal Jeevan Mission is the flagship program of the Government of India, which aims to provide household tap water connection to every rural household by 2024.
  • Under Jal Jeevan Mission, preparation of Village Action Plan (VAP) and constitution of Village Water & Sanitation Committee for every village is of utmost importance, so that the local community is not only the key stakeholder in planning, implementation of the water supply schemes in the village but also in the long-run, the villagers are empowered to operate and maintain the water supply infrastructure created under the ‘Har Ghar Jal’ programme.
  • Being a pioneer in decentralised planning and with a strong PRI system, State has immense potential to successfully implement this community-driven programme.
  • JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
    • Creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse, would be undertaken in convergence with other government programmes/schemes.
  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission.
  • JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
  • The Central government has recently released the operational guidelines for JJM.
    • For the implementation of JJM, the following institutional arrangement has been proposed:
      • National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM) at the Central level
      • State Water and Sanitation Mission (SWSM) at the State level
      • District Water and Sanitation Mission (DWSM) at the District level
      • Village Water Sanitation Committee (VWSC) at Village level
    • Every village will prepare a Village Action Plan (VAP) which will have three components:
      • Water source & its maintenance
      • Water supply and
      • Greywater (domestic wastewater) management.


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