PIB SUMMARY 

  1. Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccine 
  2. Nano Liquid Urea

Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccine 

The World Health Organisation (WHO) validated the Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use, giving countries, funders, procuring agencies and communities the reassurance that it meets international standards for safety, efficacy and manufacturing.

  • The vaccine is produced by the Beijing(China)-based drug company Sinovac.
  • It is an inactivated vaccine.
  • It works by using killed viral particles to show the body's system to the virus without risking a significant disease response.
  • Its easy storage requirements make it very manageable and particularly suitable for low-resource settings.
  • In the case of the Sinovac-CoronaVac vaccine, the WHO assessment included on-site inspections of the assembly facility.

Significance  

  • It prevented symptomatic disease in 51% of these vaccinated and prevented severe symptoms and hospitalisation in 100% of samples.
  • The approval opens the door for the jab to be utilized in the Covax programme, which aims to make sure fair access to vaccines.

Emergency Use Listing (EUL)

  • WHO’s Emergency Use Listing (EUL) may be a prerequisite for COVAX Facility vaccine supply and international procurement.
  • It also allows countries to expedite their own regulatory approval to import and administer COVID-19 vaccines.  
  • The EUL assesses the standard , safety and efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines, also as risk management plans and programmatic suitability, like cold chain requirements.  
  • The assessment is performed by the merchandise evaluation group, composed by regulatory experts from round the world and a Technical Advisory Group (TAG), responsible of performing the risk-benefit assessment for an independent recommendation on whether a vaccine are often listed for emergency use and, if so, under which conditions.
  • WHO has already listed the Pfizer/BioNTech, Astrazeneca-SK Bio, Serum Institute of India, AstraZeneca EU, Janssen, Moderna and Sinopharm vaccines for emergency use.

Nano Liquid Urea

Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) said that it has introduced the planet 's first Nano Urea Liquid for farmers across the world.

Important Points

  • Nano Urea Liquid is developed to exchange the traditional urea, it'll restrict its requirement to almost half.
  • The Nano Urea Liquid has been found effective and efficient for plant nutrition which increases the assembly with improved nutritional quality.  
  • It will even have an enormous positive impact on the standard of underground water, a really significant reduction in heating with an impression on global climate change and sustainable development.
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