Performance Grading Index assesses states in school education

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The Education Ministry released the newest edition of the Performance Grading Index or PGI on Sunday. This relatively new index measures the performance of states in-class education.

How is PGI worked out?

  • It assesses states’ performance in class education supported data drawn from several sources, including the Unified District data system for Education Plus, National Achievement Survey, and Mid-Day Meal. 
  • States are scored on a complete of 1,000 points across 70 parameters, which are grouped under five broad categories: access (eg. enrolment ratio, transition rate, and retention rate); governance and management; infrastructure; equity (difference in performance between scheduled caste students and general category students) and learning outcomes (average score in mathematics, science, languages and social science).
  • States are graded and not ranked to discourage the practice of 1 improving only at the value of others, “thereby casting a stigma of underperformance on the latter”. consistent with the govt, the target is to assist the states in prioritizing areas for intervention in-class education. 
  • The Education Ministry released the primary PGI in 2019 for the reference year 2017-18.
Explained: How Performance Grading Index assesses states in school education  | Explained News,The Indian Express

What does the grading system reflect?

The PGI grading system has 10 levels. 

  1. Level 1 indicates top-notch performance and a score between 951 and 1,000 points.
  2.  Level II also referred to as Grade 1++, indicates a score between 901 and 950. 
  3. Those with Grade 1+ (or Level III) have scored between 851 and 900. rock bottom is Grade VII, and it means a score between 0 and 550 points.

How have states performed this time?

  • In PGI 2019-20, no state or Union Territory could achieve the very best grade, that's Level I. Even within the 2017-18 and 2018-19 editions, no state had reached Level 1 and Grade 1++. Chandigarh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Andaman and Nicobar, and Kerala have scored quite 90% and obtained Grade 1++ (or Level II), which makes them the simplest performing states. 
  • This is often the primary time that any state has reached Level II. The top-performing states of Gujarat, Chandigarh, and Kerala in 2018-19 got Grade 1+ (or Level III), that is, a score between 851 and 900 points. Only the UT of Ladakh has been placed within the lowest grade, that's Grade VII, but that’s because it had been the primary time it had been assessed after it had been carved out of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019.

How does their performance compare thereupon within the last two editions of PGI?

  • A total of 33 States and UTs have improved their total PGI score in 2019-20 as compared to 2018-19, indicating a general upward shift. “For a number of the states/UTs, the rationale for this improvement has been improvements in their data reporting mechanisms while for a few others, the improvements are in specific domains…” the report states.
  • However, there are still 31 states and UTs placed in Level III (Grade 1) or lower, showing that they still have tons of ground to hide. The most important improvement in PGI this year has been shown by Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Punjab, and Arunachal Pradesh. All three have improved their score by 20%.

What are the areas where the states still need to improve?

  • According to the report, states and UTs mainly got to improve their performance in terms of governance processes. This domain carries several parameters, including teacher availability, teachers training, regular inspection, and availability of finances. “In the domain Governance Processes, there are 24 States/UTs which have scored but 288 (80% of the utmost possible score). It clearly implies that this is often the world many nations and UTs must focus upon. 
  • The PGI too accords the very best importance to the present Domain because compliance with the indications here will cause critical structural reforms in areas starting from monitoring the attendance of teachers to making sure a transparent recruitment of teachers and principals.”
  • It adds, “The second area that needs attention is that the Domain for Infrastructure and facilities, where twenty States/UTs have scored but 120 (80% of the maximum possible score during this domain). Two States, Bihar (81) and Meghalaya (87) recorded the lowest scores during this domain. this is often a cause for concern as a correct school building with adequate facilities may be a must to enhance the general quality of faculty education.”

Source: IE

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