NHRC notice on farmers’ protest

#GS2 #Law&Order

Context

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) issued notices to the state governments of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan regarding the complaints of industrial units and transportation being affected by the ongoing farmers’ protest at the Delhi border. 

Adverse Impacts of Farmers' Protest

  • About 9,000 industrial units and transportation were said to be adversely affected.
  • Transportation is also said to be adversely impacted. This has caused commuters, patients, physically challenged people and senior citizens to suffer due to the difficult traffic. 
  • People have to travel long distances to reach their destinations and barricades have been put on the borders. 
  • It is alleged that there is breach of the COVID-19 protocols by the agitating farmers at the protest site. 
  • Inhabitants of the area are not able to move out of their houses due to the blockade of the passage. 

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a statutory body. 
  • It was formed in 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993. 
  • They keep a check on Human Rights violations in India. They are hence called watchdog of human rights in the country.
  • NHRC looks over the rights that are related to life, dignity, liberty and equality of the individual that is defined in Section 2(1) of the PHR Act. 
  • They are guaranteed by the Constitution of India, embodied in the international covenants and are enforceable by the courts of India as well. 
  • NHRC was established in compliance with the Paris Principles of Human Rights, 1991 which were adopted for the promotion and protection of Human Rights and were endorsed by the United Nations at its General Assembly of 1993. 
  • It consists of a Chairperson and eight other members.
  • The Chairman of NHRC should be a Retired Chief Justice of India. 
  • One member should be one who is/has been a Judge of the Supreme Court of India. 
  • One member should be someone who is/has been a Chief Justice of a High Court. 
  • Two members are supposed to be candidates with the knowledge or practical experience in the matters of Human Rights. 
  • Other 4 members are Ex-officio Members (Deemed members). They are chairpersons of the below national commissions:
  1. National Commission for Minorities
  2. National Commission for Scheduled Castes
  3. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
  4. National Commission for Women
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