Navy inducts 2 drones on lease from the U.S.

#GS2 #INTERNATIONALRELATIONS #DEFENCE #GS3 #TECHNOLOGY

The Indian Navy has inducted two MQ-9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones procured from the U.S. on lease. 

  • The recently released Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 has introduced an option for leasing military platforms
  • The Navy has been looking to induct more unmanned solutions, both aerial and underwater
  • As part of this, the requirement of additional P-8I maritime patrol aircraft has been cut down from 10 to six and was to be offset by procurement of long-endurance drones.

 

Unmanned Aerial vehicles (UAV)

  • The Guardian, which is the maritime variant of the Predator MQ-9 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), has a maximum endurance of 40 hours and a maximum flying altitude of 40,000 feet
  • It has a 3600 maritime surveillance radar and an optional multimode maritime surface search radar.
  • An unmanned aerial vehicle, commonly known as a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot on board. 
  • UAVs are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS); a ground-based controller, and a system of communications between the two.
  • The flight of UAVs may operate with various degrees of autonomy: either under remote control by a human operator or autonomously by onboard computers referred to as an autopilot.
  • Compared to crewed aircraft, UAVs were originally used for missions too “dull, dirty or dangerous” for humans. 
  • While drones originated mostly in military applications, their use is rapidly finding many more applications including aerial photographyproduct deliveriesagriculture, policing and surveillance, infrastructure inspections, science, smuggling, and drone racing.
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