Navy Day 2020 

#GS2 #DEFENCE #GS1 #HISTORY

The Navy plans to celebrate 2021 as ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ as part of commemorating the 50th anniversary of the victory in the 1971 War. 

  • Every year, India celebrates December 4 as Navy Day to commemorate Operation Trident – a key offensive during the 1971 India-Pakistan War, when the Indian Navy inflicted heavy damage on Pakistani vessels in Karachi harbour
  • The same day also marks the end of Navy Week, which, too, is celebrated annually.
  • The Indian navy fearlessly protects our coasts and also renders humanitarian assistance in times of need. 

 

Operation Trident

  • The India-Pakistan War of 1971 had begun on December 3, when the Pakistan Air Force launched pre-emptive strikes on airfields in Western India. 
  • India responded by formally declaring war in the wee hours of December 4. 
  • On December 4, under Operation Trident, the Indian Navy sank three vessels near the Pakistani port city of Karachi. 
  • The stars of the mission were the then-recently acquired Soviet Osa missile boats, fitted with 4 SS-N-2 (P-15) Styx missiles.

 

India-Pakistan 1971 war: 13 days that shook the subcontinent

  • The Indian Air Force also played a crucial role during Operation Trident, when Karachi’s Kemari oil tanks were strafed by the IAF on the same day in an independent operation which it did not claim.
  • On December 5, the Indian Navy’s Western C-in-C, Vice Admiral SN Kohli received the code word “Angaar”, which meant success in Operation Trident.
  • The 1971 War ended on December 16, as India sealed its victory when the instrument of surrender was signed by Lt Gen A A K Niazi of Pakistan with Lt Gen J S Aurora watching, at Dhaka at 4.55 pm that day. That remains the abiding image of the 1971 War.

 

Timeline of the 1971 War

  • Dec 3: The Bangladesh Air Force (formed with Indian assistance in September that year consisting of revolting Bengali officers and airmen of the Pakistan Air Force) destroys Pakistani oil depots; Pakistan attacks India; India formally joins the war.
  • Dec 4: Battle of Longewala; Indian naval attack on Karachi
  • Dec 7: Jessore, Sylhet liberated
  • Dec 8: Indian air attack on Murid airbase
  • Dec 11: Hilli, Mymenshingh, Kushtia and Noakhali liberated. USA deploys USS Enterprise in Bay of Bengal
  • Dec 13: USSR sends in warships to counter Enterprise
  • Dec 16: Mitro Bahini takes Dhaka, East Pakistan Army surrenders unconditionally, Bangladesh is liberated
  • Dec 22: Provisional government arrives in Dhaka from exile
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