The National Investigation Agency 

Prelims Specific Topic

About the National Investigation Agency (NIA):

  • It is a Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.
  • It has the authority to prosecute terror-related crimes across state lines without the need for special authorisation from the states.
  • The National Investigation Agency was established in 2008 under the National Investigation Agency Act. Ministry of Hime Affairs is the governing body.


  • If a case has been registered for the offences listed in the NIA Act's schedule, a State Government may request that the Central Government take over the investigation to the NIA.
  • The Central Government can also instruct the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to take over the investigation of any scheduled offence anywhere in India.


  • The NIA is made up of officers from the Indian Police Service and the Indian Revenue Service.

Special Courts of NIA:

  • The Central Government of India has notified numerous Special Courts for the trial of charges filed at various NIA police stations under Sections 11 and 22 of the NIA Act 2008.
  • The Central Government decides on any question of these courts' jurisdiction.
  • On the proposal of the Chief Justice of the High Court having jurisdiction in that region, the Central Government appoints a judge to preside over these.
  • The Supreme Court of India has also been given the authority to transfer cases from one special court to another special court within or outside the state if it is in the best interests of justice in light of the conditions in that state.
  • For the trial of any offence, the NIA Special Courts have all the powers of a court of sessions under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
  • A Special Court judgement, sentence, or order that is not an interlocutory order may be appealed to the High Court on both facts and law.
  • State governments have also been given the authority to appoint one or more special courts in their respective jurisdictions.

Source : THE HINDU.


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