National Disaster Management Authority

#GS3 #DisasterManagement

Context

  • The Delhi High Court on Monday asked the Centre and the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) to respond to a petition filed by a woman seeking ex gratia for her mother’s death due to COVID-19.

Ex-gratia in India

  • Ex-gratia generally means voluntary contribution because the party making the payment is not obligated to compensate the individual. But in Indian context, there are legal and constitutional obligations. 
  • Providing ex gratia to assistance on account of loss of life is a statutory obligation under the Disaster Management Act 
  • It is also a constitutional obligation as it affected the right to life guaranteed under the Constitution.

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) 

  • It is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India. 
  • It lay down policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters.
  • Constituted under Disaster Management Act, 2005 

Composition

  • Chairperson: Prime Minister 
  • Vice-Chairperson
  • More than nine members (including Vice-Chairperson)
  • Tenure of all members: 5 years. 
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