National Commission for Protection of Child Rights
#GS2 #Constitution #Bodies
The Supreme Court has sought a response from the country’s apex child rights body, the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), to its request to eight States to “produce” children living in care homes before the local child welfare committees for their “immediate repatriation” with their families.
- The NCPCR reportedly wrote to Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Mizoram, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Meghalaya in this regard.
- These States together have 1.84 lakh children in care homes. This accounts for over 70% of the children in care homes.
- The NCPCR is a body that works towards achieving a child rights-centric approach in all the laws, programmes, policies and administrative mechanisms in India. It functions under the Ministry of Women & Child Development of the central government.
- It strives to ensure that all laws and policies in the country are in consonance with the rights of children as emphasised by the Indian Constitution as well as with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- A child is defined as any person between the ages of 0 and 18 years.
- The Commission acknowledges the universality and inviolability of child rights.
- It focuses on children that form a part of the most vulnerable sections of society.
- The Commission sees every right of the child as equally important and hence, does not grade the rights according to importance.
- The Commission is also mandated with responsibilities under two other acts, namely – Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, and Right to Education Act, 2009.
- The NCPCR has been constituted by the Government as an act of Parliament as mentioned above. Hence, it is a statutory organisation. It consists of the following members:
- Chairperson – Person of eminence and who has an exemplary record of work in child welfare.
- Six members – A minimum of two women members, Should have experience in the following fields – Education, Child health, care, welfare or child development, Juvenile justice or care of neglected or marginalised children or children with disabilities, Elimination of child labour or children in distress, Child psychology or sociology, and Laws relating to children.