Naryana Guru spiritual circuit plan 

#GS1 #Culture  

The Ministry of Tourism has considered the revival of the Sivagiri Sree Narayana Guru Ashram-Aruvipuram Kunnumpara Sree Subrahmania-Chembazhanthi Sree Narayana Gurukulam spiritual circuit. 

  • It has been decided to revive ₹69.47 crore Sree Narayana Guru spiritual circuit. However, the Ministry will not revive the ₹85.23 crore spiritual circuit linking 133 places of worship in Kerala that was dropped along with the Sree Narayana Guru circuit. 
  • The two projects had been approved under Swadesh Darshan, aimed at the development of theme-based tourist circuits, launched by the Ministry of Tourism in 2014-15. 

About Swadesh Darshan Scheme  

  • The Swadesh Darshan Scheme is a central Sector Scheme was for integrated development of theme-based tourist circuits in the country. 
  • It is to develop theme-based tourist circuits on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner to enrich tourist experience and enhance employment opportunities. 
  • Under the scheme, thirteen thematic circuits have been identified, for development – North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit. 
  • The first project under the Scheme was inaugurated in Manipur. The project covers two sites i.e. Kangla Fort and Khongjom. 
  • First Tribal circuit under the scheme was inaugurated in Chhattisgarh and this is the second project under the scheme. 
  • Tourism Ministry has sanctioned Rs. 460.74 Crore for Five Ongoing ‘Eco Circuit‘ Projects. The five eco circuit projects are in the states of Uttarakhand, Mizoram, Kerala, Telangana and Madhya Pradesh. 
  • Malanad Malabar Cruise Tourism Project was recently sanctioned under this Scheme. It will be focusing on the development of water-based thematic cruise experiences in North Kerala. 

Who was ‘Sree Narayana Guru’? 

  • Sree Narayana Guru was a great saint, scholar, philosopher, poet and the forerunner of social renaissance in Kerala. He was born in 1856 in a peasant family of then untouchable Ezhava caste, in Thiruvananthapuram. 
  • He led a reform movement in Kerala, against the injustice in the caste-ridden society in order to promote social equality. 
  • He gave the universal message, “One caste, one religion, one God.” 
  • ‘Sahodaran Ayyappan’ (Pulaya Ayyappan), a social reformer from Kerala coined a rejoinder ‘No Caste, No Religion, No God for Mankind’. 
  • ‘Aravipuram Movement’ was launched by Narayana Guru. He defied the religious restrictions traditionally placed on the Ezhava community and consecrated an idol of Shiva at Aravipuram. 
  • He was a follower of Advaitha philosophy. 
  • He translated Tamil works like “Thirukkural” into Malayalam. 
  • He had written number of hymns to different gods and some of the notable ones are “Atmopadesa Sathakam” and “Darsanamala”. 
  • He lent his support to the ‘Vaikkom Satyagraha’. Mahatma Gandhi met him during this time. 
  • ‘Sivagiri pilgrimage’ was conceived by three of the disciples, Vallabhasseri Govindan Vaidyar, T. K. Kittan and Muloor S. Padmanabha Panicker. 
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